Persian Calendar & Holidays

Persian Calendar

The Perisan calendar is a solar calendar. A year of the Persian calendar has 12 months, the first six months have 31 days, the next five have 30 days, and the last month has 29 days or 30 days in leap years.

The Persian year starts at vernal equinox. Usually, on 21 March of Gregorian calendar, the Persian year begins with 1 Farvardin. To find the corresponding year of the Gregorian calendar, add 621 or 622 to a solar year.

The order, names, and lengths of Persian months can be seen in the following explanation:

  1. 31 days, Farvardin          فروردین
  2. 31 days, Ordibehesht  اردیبهشت
  3. 31 days, Khordad               خرداد
  4. 31 days, Tir                             تیر
  5. 31 days, Mordad                 مرداد
  6. 31 days, Shahrivar          شهریور
  7. 30 days, Mehr                       مهر
  8. 30 days, Aban                      آبان
  9. 30 days, Azar                        آذر
  10. 30 days, Dei                          دی
  11. 30 days, Bahman              بهمن
  12. 29 days, Esfand               اسفند

Annual Holidays

In the Iranian calendar, every week begins on Saturday and ends on Friday. In most Islamic countries Friday is the weekly holiday. In the below-mentioned few of most important holidays, which are mostly religious, all the historical sites, museums, official department and offices and etc are not working.

Occasion                                            Year of 2015                  Year of 2016

  • Demise of Imam Khomeini            4-5 June                         4-5 June
  • Martyrdom of Imam Ali                  8 July                               26 June
  • Martyrdom of Imam Jafar             10 August                       30 July
  • Tasoua and Ashoura                       22-23 October               10-11 October
  • Arba’in                                                2 Novembar                   20 November
  • Demise of Prophet                           10 December                 28 November

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