The Perisan calendar is a solar calendar. A year of the Persian calendar has 12 months, the first six months have 31 days, the next five have 30 days, and the last month has 29 days or 30 days in leap years.
The Persian year starts at vernal equinox. Usually, on 21 March of Gregorian calendar, the Persian year begins with 1 Farvardin. To find the corresponding year of the Gregorian calendar, add 621 or 622 to a solar year.
The order, names, and lengths of Persian months can be seen in the following explanation:
- 31 days, Farvardin فروردین
- 31 days, Ordibehesht اردیبهشت
- 31 days, Khordad خرداد
- 31 days, Tir تیر
- 31 days, Mordad مرداد
- 31 days, Shahrivar شهریور
- 30 days, Mehr مهر
- 30 days, Aban آبان
- 30 days, Azar آذر
- 30 days, Dei دی
- 30 days, Bahman بهمن
- 29 days, Esfand اسفند
In the Iranian calendar, every week begins on Saturday and ends on Friday. In most Islamic countries Friday is the weekly holiday. In the below-mentioned few of most important holidays, which are mostly religious, all the historical sites, museums, official department and offices and etc are not working.
Occasion Year of 2015 Year of 2016
- Demise of Imam Khomeini 4-5 June 4-5 June
- Martyrdom of Imam Ali 8 July 26 June
- Martyrdom of Imam Jafar 10 August 30 July
- Tasoua and Ashoura 22-23 October 10-11 October
- Arba’in 2 Novembar 20 November
- Demise of Prophet 10 December 28 November